Forest Management in Mozambique
Mozambique is a country located in the southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean with boundaries in the North with Tanzania, Zambia Northwest, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Swaziland in the west and south with South Africa. The total extension is 800 000 Km2 in which 43% is covered by natural Forests and the total Population estimated in 28 million inhabitants.
Forests play an important role in the economy of the country, especially in the rural areas and provide direct benefits to a large majority of the population as source of energy through the extraction of firewood and charcoal, construction materials, logging for timber, non-timber forest products (medicinal plants, fruits, etc.), source of nutrients for small scale agriculture.
The third National Forest inventory reports findings estimated that forests in Mozambique have suffered high rates of deforestation, estimated at 0.58% in 2007, corresponding to 220,000 ha/year. Acknowledging this situation, and understanding its impact to the economy and to the livelihood of rural population, the Government of Mozambique became part of the 47 Countries that benefited from funds from the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) to develop the National REDD+ strategy with the aim of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhancement of carbon stocks (REDD+). The process began in 2008 with the elaboration of the REDD+ readiness plan (R-PP), which was approved by the Committee of Participants of the FCPF in March 2012. In 2016, the country received additional funds from the FCPF to establish a National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and the Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL) of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) for REDD+. Mozambique’s FREL was submitted in January 2018.
Mozambique Working Group
Working closely with the forestry department (DINAF), FNDS is the lead for the SMFM project work in Mozambique and the lead of the Implementation Working Group, through their UT-REDD technical team (Technical Unit of REDD). FNDS is a public legal entity with administrative, financial and patrimonial autonomy, under the supervision of the Minister responsible for Land, Environment and Rural Development. FNDS is the main group implementing REDD+ in Mozambique
The FNDS arises from the global need for the adoption of sustainable development models that provide for the emergence of multilateral financing funds in compliance with the new UN-approved Sustainable Development (SDG) targets, with emphasis on Climate change.
Other members of the working group also include:
National Center for Cartography and Remote Sensing (CENACARTA)
National Directorate of Forests (DINAF)
National Directorate of Environment (DINAB)
Eduardo Mondlane University- Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering (UEM- FAEF)
Mozambique Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development Project (MozBIO)
Sustenta (World Bank-financed agriculture and natural resources project)
Conservation and Equitable use of Biological Diversity in the SADC Region (SECOSUD)